“Creep Rupture Materials Design Manual”

William J. O’Donnell, Carl Spaeder, Jeremy Himes, William J. O’Donnell, B. Kasraie, October, 2008

Keywords: creep rupture; sterling cycle; creep rupture damage; elevated temperature; cyclic loading; triaxiality effects; thermal stresses

To maximize the efficiency of a sterling cycle engine for power generation, this creep rupture design manual was developed as a guide. This Design Manual focuses on creep rupture damage that occurs as a result of high stresses acting over long times at elevated temperature. Such damage for cyclic loading conditions is obtained by integrating the ratio of the operating time at a particular temperature and stress level, divided by the time to rupture at that temperature and stress level. Of course, factors on the average creep rupture time are needed to account for heat-to-heat variations, scatter in the data, load sequence effects, surface finish, size effects, fabrication straining and local triaxiality effects.

Residual fabrication stresses produce creep rupture damage during their relaxation. Thermal stresses must be taken into account since the material is only aware of the magnitude of stress, temperature and time to which it is subjected. This Design Manual provides curves for design life based on 2/3 of the average creep rupture strength. As more data is obtained for these materials, particularly long-term data, metallurgical aging changes can be more accurately quantified.


Company President, Bill, Sr. began his career in the Naval Nuclear Program at Westinghouse/ Bettis. He currently serves as the Chairman of the ASME Subgroup on Fatigue Strength, and has published numerous papers with other engineers on various engineering topics. Learn about our Elevated Temperature Design & Analysis Services.

O’Donnell Consulting performs engineering design and analysis to ASME Code including B&PV Section VIII Division 1 and 2 – as well as the Power & Process Piping Codes. Call to learn more.

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