We performed stress and buckling (FEA) analysis on a decanter, which is used to transfer microcomposite materials from one reactor to another. The buckling analysis was performed in accordance with ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section VIII, Division 1 – as well as CodeCalc.
The 14 gage (0.0781 inches) thick stainless steel decanter is supported by four 5/8-inch diameter bolts, and is subjected to external pressure (vacuum load) and product weight.
The stress analysis was performed using ANSYS finite element software, using ten-node structural tetrahedral solid (Solid 187) elements. For other features, such as the bolts, two-node beam elements were modelled. The model had approximately 99,000 nodes and 53,000 elements. Various loading conditions (bolt preload, deadweight, and vacuum pressure) were used to verify the structural integrity of the vessel.
The decanter is manufactured from 304 stainless steel. The bolts used were specified as 316 stainless steel. The material properties used in the analysis are:
Young’s Modulus: 28.3 x 106 psi
Poisson’s Ratio: 0.3
Density: 0.283 lb/in3
Yield Strength: 30 ksi
Tensile Strength: 70 ksi
Four different load cases of the decanter were evaluated:
- Bolt preload only
- Bolt preload + deadweight
- Bolt preload + deadweight + external pressure (vacuum)
- Bolt preload + deadweight + external pressure + product load
The image above shows the stress intensities in the decanter subject to vacuum loading.
We perform design and (thermal, stress, buckling & fatigue) analysis to ASME Code for clients in industries including energy, mining and petrochemical. To learn more, see Engineering Design & Analysis.
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